Fry Bread First Nations

Fry Bread: an element of Cultural Stockholm Syndrome?

As Marie Antoinette said, contributing eventually to her own execution, a clueless insult to the malnourished masses, let them eat cake… or frybread.

The five gifts (Trojan horses, seeds of destruction) of the white man: sugar, lard, milk, salt, flour according to an article in The Walrus, June 2016, Breaking Bread, Bannock’s contentious role in Aboriginal cuisine. (Must mean specifically food “gifts” otherwise why not strong alcohol and twisted Euro-centric Christianity?)

“Hide your wives and daughters; hide your groceries too…

Now they’re gone, gone, really gone…”

Bannock as a tool of Colonialist Imperialist repression? Fry Bread and bannock are agents of cultural genocide! Don’t blame the Scots. The early versions in Scotland would have been cooked on girdles (our language corruption, gridles) hot flat stones around the fire, the dough batter made with barley and/or oats. No sugar. Baking soda was introduced to cooking ca. mid 19th century… more about that in Marian McNeill’s book The Scots Kitchen… BTW, even uncooked oats are tasty and digestible.

What brought on this gratuitous rant; who am I to complain? Who has any right to identify with Aboriginal and other enslaved colonized people? Take a hint: don’t mistakenly refer to a Paddy, a Cousin Jack, or a Scot as an Englishman…

Is it good enough to say of native culture “use it or lose it?” In the face of constant overt and covert cultural sabotage, the prescription should be “use it and flaunt it.”

Stockholm Syndrome is a term used when captives identify with and join, co-opted by the captors. Willingly adopting and carrying shackles of repression that were first forced on them.

The new colonial imperialism goes by the euphemistic title Globalization. But long in the past, as now, the tools perpetuating Colonialism following military conquest were diet, culture and religion promoted with false proxy misleading doublespeak doublethink Newspeak reminiscent of George Orwell’s novel 1984. The colonizers are so adept and proficient they no longer need military force. (Except the USA when manipulated for their more immediate benefit by the Military branch of the Greedy Industrial Complex.)

Trade agreements, Free Market manipulation of culture and diet are all more efficient and cost effective methods in the New Fascism based on the old paradigm of big business and government collusion, the Military Industrial Complex Ike Eisenhower complained about too late as he was leaving office. Comedian Mort Sahl said, “We fought WWII to stop Fascism. We won, we prevailed… for about 10 years.”

The 99% or fewer (even in the so-called Free World) that are losers in the Globalization Grand Game don’t understand they are exhibiting Stockholm Syndrome, buying and investing in the chains, restraints, constraints and shackles they put on their own bodies. Occupy Wall Street Movement were simply taking superficial actions while continuing as part of the Globalization franchise constituency. Speaking and demonstrating for the 99%, they were themselves 99% immersed voluntarily in the Globalization element. Calling out for Apocalyptic changes but truly only Apocalypstic. Many of them and certainly their parents depend on the banking stock market-controlled global economy scheme.

As a metaphor Jozef Conrad wrote in Lord Jim, “Swim in the element that surrounds you.” The corollary means keep your head above water or you will die. To avoid “drowning” you must swim in one prevailing element or medium but keep your head up, above in another.

Back to bannock, fry bread, scones, tools of colonial cultural aggression, changing course from general abstractions toward specifics…

There is often a dispute about native culture, some feel proprietary and secretive (often because historic suppression by colonizers required distrust and hiding their culture) unwilling to show and tell to others within or outside their own tradition. When I hear that I usually say, the cat was out of the bag long ago, any cats still in the bag you may think you are protecting but more likely will suffocate and die. Use it, flaunt it or lose it! In biological systems there is no static equilibrium, only temporary stability with opposing balanced forces; diversity is strength to adapt to inescapable changes to equilibrium. True for culture and populations as well as species and individuals.

Invasive species, invasive cultures. Invasive species coming in because of changing habitat are inevitable but useful. What good can there be from a single global dominant invasive culture?

Another way to put it, in a one dimensional system the universal and perhaps cosmic principle of Entropy dictates one step forward can only result in multiple steps back, the Entropy of the universe is a negative sum game. But in a multi-dimensional system you can chose which direction or in which compartment to progress/win and which to regress/lose, one step forward can be achieved without loss in that direction when the two steps back occur in another area/compartment which you can determine.

Apologizing for logorrhea, running at the mouth…

A few years ago, Reinhardt was serving up fry bread, a type of bannock, at a fundraising event, when he asked himself, “Would my ancestors even recognize this as food?” His question led him to develop a year-long study called the Decolonizing Diet Project, in which twenty-five participants, including Reinhardt, ate a diet of foods indigenous to the Great Lakes region. For Reinhardt, like Adams, decolonizing means not eating bannock. “People are calling it Indian soul food,” he says. “Fry bread helped us to survive in a period of colonization—why would we celebrate that and internalize that?”

Here is a pdf slideshow with lots of good info and data, though some might see also in their rigor the foolish consistency that is the hobgoblin of little minds, for instance rejecting parsnip but eating squash.

Breaking Bread



Breaking Bread

















How To Receive The Benefits Of Chaga … Without Consuming Chaga

Best advice for consumption: grind it fine then powder it, add to warm water or coffee cooled to body temp, drink it all down.

You say, well woo, ain’t there nothin’ I can take?
I say woo, woo, to relieve your belly ache
You say ya, ain’t there nothin’ I can take?

You put the lime in the coconut, you drink ’em bot’up
Put the lime in the coconut, you drink ’em bot’ up
Put the lime in the coconut, you drink ’em bot’ up
Put the lime in the coconut, you’re such a silly woman

Put a lime in the coconut and drink ’em bot’ together
Put the lime in the coconut, then you’ll feel better
Put the lime in the coconut, drink ’em both down
Put the lime in your coconut, and call me in the morning

Wild Foodism

chagawildfoodismStanding under the protruding, irregularly-shaped black mass, it’s hard to imagine anyone would make a fuss about this fungus.

I mean, look at it.  Certainly there are mushrooms that could seemingly outperform chaga in a beauty contest.  There’s hardly a debate about that.

It’s not a prized edible fungus, either.  Chaga is essentially a hardened mass of mycelia and much too tough to chew (though I have been known to nibble on the interior amadou from time to time).

So why is it that photographs of chaga (or growths that people want to look like chaga) inundate most mushroom identification forums with the accompanying million dollar question, “Is this chaga?”  Why is it that every nutraceutical company seems to market a chaga-containing supplement?

And why is it that chaga is so near and dear to my heart, routinely forming the foundation of my personal medicinal protocol?

Simple, really. …

View original post 2,835 more words

Coconut Oil

Eat fat to become lean…

“One measure for a dog, two for a man?” Iams and other dog food or supplement makers were adocating MCT from coconut and palm oil for their sponsored sled dog teams back in the early 90s. There was a Mayo Clinic diet promoted for weight loss before that, a type of ketogenic diet. David Kronfeld was talking about the benefits of ketone bodies for sled dogs long before too.

To the extent that ketones aka ketone bodies are comparable from exercise, low glycemic diets, fasting and MCT dietary sources, you could say that coconut oil is exercise or fasting without exercising or fasting. Gain without pain. Although many people who have fasted will tell you that fasting is not so hard after the first 24 hours, they feel empowered, invested and committed so that stopping a fast is harder than continuing.

Excerpts from an article in AOCS magazine Inform:

Coconut is the oil du jour, attracting endorsements from athletes and celebrities for its alleged health-promoting effects. The oil, once considered exotic outside of the tropics, is showing up in supermarkets and health food stores everywhere, often advertised as a “functional food.” Yet not long ago, coconut oil was reviled by health experts, lumped in the same unhealthful category as lard and tallow because of its high content of saturated fat. As saturated fat has embarked on the long road to exoneration, many people are starting to appreciate the unique physical and chemical characteristics of coconut oil, not only as a cooking oil, but also as a cosmetic ingredient, an antimicrobial agent, a biofuel, and even a possible medicine for ailments ranging from obesity to Alzheimer’s disease. But does the scientific evidence of coconut oil’s benefits justify the hype?

Based mainly on incomplete epidemiological data, in the 1950s prominent US nutrition researcher Ancel Keys formulated a hypothesis that dietary saturated fat raises cholesterol levels in the blood, which in turn clogs arteries and causes heart disease. Because coconut oil is about 93% saturated fat, it was viewed as less healthful than edible oils composed of primarily unsaturated fats, such as soybean oil.

Apparently bolstering Keys’ hypothesis, several studies showed that rodents fed coconut oil as the sole dietary fat had higher cholesterol levels and were much less healthy than animals fed corn or soybean oil (e.g., Williams, M. A., et al., J. Nutr., 1972). However, according to Foale, these studies were flawed because coconut oil lacks the essential omega-3 fatty acids. Therefore, the animals fed coconut oil were suffering from a dietary deficiency, rather than from negative effects of the oil per se. “In the real world, coconut users of the tropics generally eat fish, which are rich in omega-3 fatty acids,” says Foale. “So the combination has always been a healthy one, and heart disease isn’t an issue among traditional coconut users.” Moreover, in these studies the researchers typically used hydrogenated coconut oil, which could contain trans fats. Trans fats are now recognized to have adverse effects on serum cholesterol levels and human health.

Despite firmly entrenched biases against saturated fat within the medical community, mounting evidence has begun to exonerate saturated fat as a contributing factor to heart disease. Coconut oil has likely benefited from this recent development. Like other saturated fats, coconut oil raises the total serum cholesterol level, which concerns some health experts. However, more than any other type of fat, saturated fats raise the level of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, the so-called “good” cholesterol that has been correlated with a reduced risk of heart disease (Cassiday, L., Inform, 2015). Although saturated fat also raises the serum level of low-density lipoprotein (LDL), or “bad,” cholesterol, the type of LDL particles increased are of the large, buoyant type, which are less strongly associated with cardiovascular disease than small, dense LDL particles.

Because of the opposing effects of HDL and LDL cholesterol, the total serum cholesterol level has proven to be a poor predictor of cardiovascular risk. Instead, the ratio of total cholesterol to HDL cholesterol (total:HDL) is a more reliable estimate, with lower levels correlating with reduced risk. Whereas unsaturated fats lower total:HDL cholesterol, and trans fats raise the ratio, saturated fats typically have no effect, suggesting a neutral influence on heart disease risk.


Although saturated fats are often considered a single nutritional entity, studies have shown that molecular chain length greatly influences a fatty acid’s metabolic and physiologic properties. Coconut oil is unique in its fatty acid composition, containing more than 65% medium-chain fatty acids (MCFAs)—commonly defined as fatty acids with chains of 6 to 12 carbon atoms (C6–C12) (Fig. 2). In contrast, saturated fats in animal fats and most other vegetable oils are mainly long-chain fatty acids (LCFAs), which contain 14 to 18 carbon atoms (C14–C18). Triacylglycerides (TAGs) composed of MCFAs are more water-soluble and readily digestible than TAGs containing LCFAs.

Coconut and palm kernel oils have similar fatty acid profiles, but they have different triacylglyceride (TAG) compositions (Dayrit, F. M.,, 2015). In one study, researchers found that the predominant TAGs in coconut oil are trilaurin (3C12), 1-capro,2,3-dilauryl glyceride (C10-C12-C12), and 1-capro,2-lauryl,3-myristyl glyceride (C10-C12-C14). In contrast, palm kernel oil contains mostly trilaurin (3C12), 1-myristyl,2-stearyl,3-lauryl glyceride (C14-C18-C12), and 1,3-oleyl,2-lauryl glyceride (C18:1-C12-C18:1). Unlike coconut oil, palm kernel oil is not commonly consumed in the diet because of the presence of residual extraction solvents, says Foale.

“Most of the health benefits of coconut oil, whether VCO or RBD coconut oil, have been attributed to the high content of lauric acid,” says Fabian M. Dayrit, professor of chemistry at Ateneo de Manila University, in Quezon City, Philippines. “Additional health benefits of VCO have been attributed to the presence of polyphenols.”

As a result, most ingested MCFAs are transported directly to the liver, where they are converted to energy and other metabolites rather than being stored as fat. Indeed, among fatty acids, lauric acid contributes the least to fat accumulation.

Upon arrival at the liver, MCFAs enter the mitochondria. Unlike LCFAs, MCFAs can freely diffuse across the mitochondrial membrane without requiring carnitine-assisted transport. MCFAs are then rapidly metabolized by one of two pathways (Fig. 5). The major pathway, β-oxidation, yields acetyl CoA. Acetyl CoA either enters the citric acid cycle to produce energy, or is further metabolized to ketone bodies. Ketone bodies are three water-soluble molecules (acetoacetate, β-hydroxybutyrate, and acetone) that are transported from the liver to other tissues, such as the brain, muscle, and heart. There, enzymes can convert the ketone bodies to acetyl CoA for use as an energy source. The second pathway, ω-oxidation, accounts for only 10–20% of total liver fatty acid oxidation under normal conditions. This pathway produces 11- and 12-hydroxyl fatty acids, which can be further oxidized to dicarboxylic acids The ω-oxidation pathway may help remove excess fatty acids from the mitochondrial respiratory chain (Dayrit, F. M., Philipp. J. Sci., 2014).

Because of their rapid metabolism in the liver, MCFAs do not contribute to fat accumulation or obesity nearly as much as other dietary fatty acids.

Foale notes that many health-conscious people are now incorporating coconut oil into their diets, whether as a cooking oil or as an addition to their morning cereal, smoothies, or desserts. “People who are a bit skeptical about the advice that ‘this is a saturated fat and it’s bad for you’ are prepared to try it,” says Foale. “And then they discover that they feel better with it: Their general well-being is improved, and they feel more energetic.” Many athletes find that coconut oil sustains their energy during exhaustive competitions, Foale says, possibly due to the ketone bodies formed from MCFAs. Ketone bodies can serve as an alternative energy source in muscles during strenuous exercise, when glucose reserves may be lagging.

Although experimental evidence is lacking, some researchers have theorized that the ketone bodies generated from MCFAs in coconut oil could help treat neurological disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease. Scientists have already established that a ketogenic diet—a high-fat, low-carbohydrate, adequate-protein eating plan—can drastically reduce the rate of seizures in epileptic children who are resistant to drug therapies (Watkins, C.,Inform, 2016). The lack of carbohydrates in the ketogenic diet forces the liver to convert fat into ketone bodies, which can cross the blood-brain barrier and be used as a source of energy by the brain. However, the mechanism by which ketone bodies can help prevent epileptic seizures in some patients is still unknown.

In Alzheimer’s disease, certain parts of the brain have an impaired ability to use glucose, partially due to disruption of insulin signaling. Thus, ketone bodies may help alleviate symptoms of Alzheimer’s by providing an alternative energy source for the brain. Researchers have also proposed that polyphenols and plant hormones called cytokinins in VCO may prevent aggregation of amyloid-β, the peptide that forms plaques in the brains of people with Alzheimer’s disease. Antioxidants such as polyphenols also scavenge free radicals that cause oxidative stress, a condition that has been linked to Alzheimer’s disease.

“I confess to some frustration that a food oil that has supported traditional healthy diets for millennia must now be proven to support good health because it was maligned and ousted from acceptance in the diet policies of the U.S. and Australia, in particular,” says Foale.