Sled Building Materials Spreadsheet

“An’ it ain’t no use to sit and wonder why, babe
If you don’t know by now…”

DENSITY p 0.60 2.7 4.5 4.5 8 2 1.6
YIELD STRESS S 8.00 80 105 160 350 120 230
MODULUS E 1.80 10 15.5 16.5 30 6 19
STRAIN at YIELD e % 0.44 0.80 0.68 0.97 1.17 2.00 1.21
WORK to YIELD W 17.78 320.00 355.65 775.76 2041.67 1200.00 1392.11
WORK to YIELD/p 29.63 118.52 79.03 172.39 255.21 600.00 870.07

The data in the spreadsheet fields apply directly to rods or bars in compression or tension from loading in the length; axial loads. With some simplifications it is possible to interpret for comparisons of bending properties of skis and runners.

If all other factors were equal this spreadsheet suggests that the material properties of the two fiber reinforced plastics FRPs in the last two columns (with far higher work to yield per unit weight) would easily make the strongest lightest sled runners or skis. For I beams or laminated/stressed skin with light cores,  the most strength and weight is in the skin or flanges with proportionally little weight wasted in the core or web.

For similar profile beams in bending, stiffness will increase with increasing Modulus and depth/thickness and width of the beam.

Strength of beams usually corresponds to the load on a beam spanning a given distance and the bending “moment” of the beam at failure. These are values calculated under static conditions. A ski or runners are not subject to the same kind of static loads. The load increases and decreases over time as the runner comes up and over a bump. A more flexible runner will “shed” part of the load by bending.

For these reasons the Work to Yield field and the corresponding Work to Yield divided by density give more useful comparisons of different materials.

Unfortunately attaching other components to FRPs can be a problem, forming a curve in the front of the runner also a problem, and making runners or skis with light weight cores from these materials by hand lay-up methods can increase the cost to be prohibitive. Another factor is the cost/benefit for weight saving at different baseline weights. If a pair of aluminum runners can be made weighing 3 kg/7 lbs at reasonable cost is it worth the extra cost in $ to make them lighter to save a given amount of weight considering also other downstream costs and difficulties to use FRP? Cost and fabricating could also disqualify the Titanium materials.

Adventure Learning

And spreadsheets…

A proxy or measure of competence: the better a person “understands” spreadsheets the better they understand the modern world. The contrary is also probably true.

Common misunderstandings at the office

Common misunderstandings at the office

The conceit “operant conditioning” coined by B. F. Skinner, adventure education, play, are all part of the same species-typical behavior re-branded for the latest buzz-word fads and technologies. Killer apps, Gameboys, Pac-Man, the medium is the message, the software/program is the device; in the words of Semantics, all are different higher or lower levels of abstraction or maps and projections of the same thing.

Spreadsheets embody and demonstrate Semantics. Language is inseparable from thought, hardware is defined by how we use it. Hardware and software, denotation and connotation.

(A reviewer of Hayakawa’s book wrote:

It’s been said that language is what differentiates humans from the apes. But why language? Why not hawaiian shirts? Senator Hayakawa’s short book explains why language, and particularly meaning, is so important. It stands alone on its own merits, or as an elegant frame to the debate addressed in Korzybski’s monolithic 1933 work, _Science and Sanity._
Ever been in an argument? Ever get hot and bothered, maybe even start shouting, until you eventually realize that your disagreement is over the definition of terms? And did you ever stop to consider that there might be more than two sides to every story – maybe an infinite number? Come along as Hayakawa examines these issues in great detail.
The style of the book is so lucid, you’ll almost feel as if you’re being reminded of things you’ve always known. Does the book reveal universal truth? Or maybe just a skillful command of language?
I recommend this to any human who uses language to communicate or think. You’ll never look at Hillary Clinton’s “politics of meaning” the same way again.”

Quoting a comment on the comment:

Rather, I will never look at Hillary Clinton in an Hawaiian shirt the same way again.)

Diarrhea, logorrhea, Facebook posticcerrhea?

Listening to the local radio station carrying news that the school district Superintendent decided to cut the IT budget and reduce the man in charge to half time, finishing my income tax with the help of the AARP tax preparation volunteers linked to their online calculation programs, I spun off into thinking about the keystone role of spreadsheets and their various implementations in our modern culture and the IT revolution. Spreadsheets are the nexus of PC IT and still could be a good operant conditioning or adventure learning tool.

Following are quotes from the article:

We can look back and recognize that VisiCalc was the first “killer” application for personal computers.

VisiCalc became an almost instant success and provided many business people with an incentive to purchase a personal computer or an H-P 85 or 87 calculator from Hewlett-Packard (cf., Jim Ho, 1999). About 1 million copies of the spreadsheet program were sold during VisiCalc’s product lifetime.

Lotus 1-2-3 made it easier to use spreadsheets and it added integrated charting, plotting and database capabilities. Lotus 1-2-3 established spreadsheet software as a major data presentation package as well as a complex calculation tool. Lotus was also the first spreadsheet vendor to introduce naming cells, cell ranges and spreadsheet macros.

When Microsoft launched the Windows operating system in 1987, Excel was one of the first application products released for it. When Windows finally gained wide acceptance with Version 3.0 in late 1989 Excel was Microsoft’s flagship product. For nearly 3 years, Excel remained the only Windows spreadsheet program and it has only received competition from other spreadsheet products since the summer of 1992.

(My own experience was that I could accomplish much more useful design with spreadsheets doing “what-if” simulations for different materials and structural profiles, similar to financial and accounting spreadsheets well before the GUI and mouse, using the various ctrl X keystrokes, and Excel spreadsheets were just a pain in the ass to adapt to later with little immediate benefit. Sometime around late ’80s I was thinking about applying for a small business loan to buy a PC system but the SBA adviser told me “you don’t need a computer, no small business needs a computer system for $2000, forget it.” So I borrowed money from the local bank with sled dogs and two gold bars from winning the Yellowknife race as collateral.)

50 years ago in college I took a course at the intersection of linguistics, computer programming, philosophy, math/logic and I don’t recall what else. The modern version at the high school level would be spreadsheets and semantics, including as reading the seminal books, Hayakawa’s Language in Thought and Action and Pierce’s Symbols, Signals and Noise, explaining the underpinnings of the modern IT/information world.

“No other book I know of can explain these concepts of information, bits, entropy, and data encoding without getting bogged down in proofs and mathematics. The book even manages to equate the concept of language with the information it inherently transmits in a conversational and accessible style. The book rounds out its discussion with chapters on information theory from the perspectives of physics, psychology, and art.”

But, quoting Cicero: “The authority of those who teach is often an obstacle to those who want to learn.”



Rules Are For The Blind Obedience Of Fools

And for the wise to use as a guide.

Perfect is the enemy of good-popularized by Voltaire

Good enough is not good enough, it’s great

“Much Madness is divinest Sense –
To a discerning Eye –
Much Sense – the starkest Madness –
’Tis the Majority
In this, as all, prevail –
Assent – and you are sane –
Demur – you’re straightway dangerous –
And handled with a Chain”
Emily Dickinson

“A single word can brighten the face
of one who knows the value of words.
Ripened in silence, a single word
acquires a great energy for work.”-Junus Emre

“Lies, damn lies, and statistics”-attributed to many, popularized in the USA by Mark Twain

Statistics don’t lie, statisticians do

Don’t believe everything you think

A skeptic can only claim to be right in pointing out uncertainties. Otherwise he is not a skeptic, he is a hypocrite

“The Greeks seek understanding, the Jews are waiting for a sign.” Modern medicine has reversed Potter Stuart’s paradigm, “I can’t define it but I know it when I see it,” to “If we can’t define it we will discount it or ignore it as if it did not exist.” Do anecdotes contain signs? Perhaps in all complex problems with myriad variables, religion or science, it would be best to pay attention to signs, non-explicit systems and information, and anecdotes.

Rumi voice

“Reduce the target…” Less is more

Modular thinking Lateral thinking PO-Edward DeBono

Thinking in parallels, speaking in parables

“We have met the enemy and he is us!”-Pogo

Guilty by association analogous to confusing coincidence with causality

Logic Fallacies: The Gambler’s Fallacy, Ad Hominen, No True Scotsman, Straw Man

Living each in their own bubble

To know the means look to the extremes

FWIW If the shoe fits, wear it
Qui se sent morveux, qu’il se mouche
Si le chapeau te fait, mets-le
You can’t argue with success (nor explain it?)

Don’t try to teach your grandmother how to suck eggs (gratuitous advice)

The secret of life is honesty and fair dealing. If you can fake that, you’ve got it made.
Politics is the art of looking for trouble, finding it everywhere, diagnosing it incorrectly and applying the wrong remedies
Outside of a dog, a book is man’s best friend. Inside of a dog it’s too dark to read.
I find television very educating. Every time somebody turns on the set, I go into the other room and read a book.-Groucho Marx

The lawyer who represents himself has a fool for a client

The doctor who treats himself has an idiot for a patient

The writer who edits his own work…

“Only an idiot would swallow soup so hot it burns his mouth.” Ben Franklin said at a court dinner in France after spitting the spoonful of soup out on the table. Don’t conform to conventions contrary to your own common sense.

PRO-VERBS (In the fundamental meaning, what should precede any important action):

Go-to list of quotes, quips, analogies, memes, aphorisms, metaphors, similes, paradigms, parables, parallels, epithets, formulas, algorithms, heuristics, routines, idioms, equations

1 Our anger and annoyance is more harmful to us than those things which anger and annoy us

2 To refrain from imitation is the best revenge

3 How ridiculous and strange to be surprised at anything which happens in life!

4 Like a surgeon with his instruments and knives ready for cases which suddenly need their skill, so do you have principles ready for the understanding of things divine and human…

5 Make for yourself a definition or description of every object presented to you, so as to see clearly what it is in its own naked substance, complete and entire, and tell yourself its proper name, and the names of the things of which it is compounded and into which it will be dissolved

6 We sin by omission as well as by commission-Marcus Aurelius

So too can we profit by both

7. To change your mind and defer to correction is not to sacrifice your independence; for such an act is your own, in pursuance of your own impulse, your own judgement, and your own thinking.

Few worries are solved by worrying, most are made worse

Discretion is the better part of valor-Falstaff/Shakespeare

Is it “actionable” information?

Human intelligence is greatly overrated

Jack of all trades, master of none

“What can be contained in words is without value.” Zhou Zuoren

“I can’t define it but I know it when I see it.” Potter Stewart  ( = easier done than said)

“A foolish consistency is the hobgoblin of little minds, adored by little statesmen and philosophers and divines. With consistency a great soul has simply nothing to do. He may as well concern himself with his shadow on the wall. Speak what you think now in hard words, and to-morrow speak what to-morrow thinks in hard words again, though it contradict every thing you said to-day. — ‘Ah, so you shall be sure to be misunderstood.’ — Is it so bad, then, to be misunderstood? Pythagoras was misunderstood, and Socrates, and Jesus, and Luther, and Copernicus, and Galileo, and Newton, and every pure and wise spirit that ever took flesh. To be great is to be misunderstood.”-Emerson

BUDDHA “Those who cling to perceptions and views wander the world offending people.” (And in turn being offended!)

“Do not believe in anything simply because you have heard it. Do not believe in anything simply because it is spoken and rumored by many. Do not believe in anything simply because it is found written in your religious books. Do not believe in anything merely on the authority of your teachers and elders. Do not believe in traditions because they have been handed down for many generations. But after observation and analysis, when you find that anything agrees with reason and is conducive to the good and benefit of one and all, then accept it and live up to it.” The Buddha

“Should you find a wise critic to point out your faults, follow him as you would a guide to hidden treasure.” The Buddha

Asked if he was the Living Buddha, Dalai Lama replied, “I think I am like the reflection of the moon on water.”

POPE FRANCIS  Stop being negative. “Needing to talk badly about others indicates low self-esteem. That means, ‘I feel so low that instead of picking myself up I have to cut others down,’” the Pope said. “Letting go of negative things quickly is healthy.”

CICERO “The authority of those who teach is often an obstacle to those who want to learn.”
― Marcus Tullius Cicero (Authority implemented in method and substance through formalities, discipline, conventions and conformity)

“Six mistakes mankind keeps making century after century:
Believing that personal gain is made by crushing others;
Worrying about things that cannot be changed or corrected;
Insisting that a thing is impossible because we cannot accomplish it;
Refusing to set aside trivial preferences;
Neglecting development and refinement of the mind;
Attempting to compel others to believe and live as we do.”
― Marcus Tullius Cicero

“The smart love to learn and the fool to teach” -Chekov

Two things are infinite, the Universe and Human stupidity. But we now believe the former to be in doubt.-Einstein

A smart man solves the problem, a wise man avoids it.-Einstein

“He talked about it so much he began to understand it himself.”-Said of Albert Einstein by a fellow Nobel Prize winner

Those who can do, those who can’t teach

ISAK DINESEN There are three forms of perfect happiness:

To feel within yourself an excess of strength

To know you are fulfilling your destiny

The remission of pain

Caveat: Pride goes before a fall

In the filthy menagerie of our vices,
There is one more ugly, more wicked, more filthy!
Although he makes neither great gestures nor great cries,
He would willingly make of the earth a shambles
And, in a yawn, swallow the world;
He is Ennui!
Hypocrite lecteur, mon semblable, mon frere

Whited sepulchers, clean on the outside and full of corruption within.

For what is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul?

Man proposes, God disposes

Hear now this, O foolish people, and without understanding; which have eyes, and see not; which have ears, and hear not

Why do you kick against the pricks?

The man who rises early and praises the Lord in a loud voice, by his neighbor it will be considered a curse.

Woe unto them that call evil good, and good evil; that put darkness for light, and light for darkness; that put bitter for sweet, and sweet for bitter!

Familiarity breeds contempt

A prophet is not without honor except in his own family

SHAKESPEARE “In herbs, plants, stones, and their true qualities:
For nought so vile that on the earth doth live
But to the earth some special good doth give,
Nor aught so good but strain’d from that fair use
Revolts from true birth, stumbling on abuse:
Virtue itself turns vice, being misapplied;
And vice sometimes by action dignified.”

ANNE MACVICAR  GRANT “I, who for my part detest every mode
of selfish luxury, could not endure to see a native
highlander make his good humour dependent on
a good breakfast, and was moreover disgusted by
certain learned strictures* on new-laid eggs, which
I am sure made no part of his college acquisitions.

* Among the peculiarities of highland manners is an
avowed contempt for the luxuries of the table. A high-
land hunter will eat with a keen appetite and sufficient
discrimination. But were he to stop in any pursuit, be-
cause it was meal time, to growl over a bad dinner, or
visibly exult over a good one, the manly dignity of his
character would be considered as fallen for ever.”

ROBERT MCNAMARA  Proportionality (The Fog of War)

Maritime-Inspired but wider application:

Constant bearing means collision

One hand for the ship, one hand for yourself

“Yes! Very funny this terrible thing is. A man that is born falls into a dream like a man who falls into the sea. If he tries to climb out into the air as inexperienced people endeavour to do, he drowns—nicht wahr? . . . No! I tell you! The way is to the destructive element submit yourself, and with the exertions of your hands and feet in the water make the deep, deep sea keep you up. So if you ask me—how to be?” Swim in the element that surrounds you. Conrad, Lord Jim

It is reassuring or in the worst cases consoling to believe that doctors, veterinarians and other established authorities or systems have all the right answers and always have the right answers.

Wellesley, Duke of Wellington “If you believe that you will believe anything.”

Only a great defeat can be half as melancholy as a great victory

Blackstone’s Ratio

Abraham drew near, and said, “Will you consume the righteous with the wicked? What if there are fifty righteous within the city? Will you consume and not spare the place for the fifty righteous who are in it?[3]What if ten are found there?” He [The Lord] said, “I will not destroy it for the ten’s sake.”

“It is better that ten guilty persons escape than that one innocent suffer”, as expressed by the English jurist William Blackstone.

Bismarck is believed to have stated that “it is better that ten innocent men suffer than one guilty man escape.”

Benjamin Franklin stated it as, “it is better 100 guilty Persons should escape than that one innocent Person should suffer”

Defending British soldiers charged with murder for their role in the Boston Massacre, John Adams also expanded upon the rationale behind Blackstone’s Formulation when he stated:

It is more important that innocence should be protected, than it is that guilt be punished; for guilt and crimes are so frequent in this world, that all of them cannot be punished. … when innocence itself, is brought to the bar and condemned, especially to die, the subject will exclaim, ‘it is immaterial to me whether I behave well or ill, for virtue itself is no security.’ And if such a sentiment as this were to take hold in the mind of the subject that would be the end of all security whatsoever.

Taptuk Emre in the TV series Yunus Emre says, Justice is not seeking crime and culprit, Justice is seeking innocent and innocence to the end.

L’appetit vient en mangeant

Richard Nixon to Henry Kissinger: “Tell Pappa-what’s-his-name to let Pappa-what’s-his-other-name out of jail.”

“Doc” Roland Lombard said he could learn something useful from anyone. Leaves open whether and when he would learn what to do or what not to do, but in either case I doubt he learned anything from people who think their opinions are more valuable than their stories.

Barbara McClintock >Over the years I have found that it is difficult if not impossible to bring to consciousness of another person the nature of his tacit assumptions when, by some special experiences, I have been made aware of them. This became painfully evident to me in my attempts during the 1950s to convince geneticists that the action of genes had to be and was controlled. It is now equally painful to recognize the fixity of assumptions that many persons hold on the nature of … One must await the right time for conceptual change.
>She wrote this in 1973 in reference to her decision 20 years earlier to stop publishing detailed accounts of her work.
In 1983 she received the Noble Prize in Physiology/Medicine for that previously ignored, denied, and disbelieved research.

In any problem or research based on a large number of variables, inevitably some identified and many not identified, Science can’t avoid bias and true scientists don’t claim to be unbiased. As with conflict of interest the first criteria is disclosure so that a later determination can be made if it’s disqualifying by particular standards or not.
While Donald Rumsfeld’s list of permutations of known and unknown was probably to BS the Press and the Public, it remains a tautology, true by definition. What are unknown knowns? What you think you know that is false? Or what you don’t know that you should know? Or would the later be known unknowns?
The fact is that the level of unknown and potentially misleading variables and assumptions, the uncertainties in any human and in even in lab animal population study is staggering. Add to that proxies! For example, the blood level of Vitamin D is not the actual performance you want to determine and calculate inverse probabilities/causes. Those performance dependent variables would be health effects, survival, presence or absence of diseases… blood levels do not correlate perfectly or 100% predictably with all health parameters. There’s many a slip twixt the cup and the lip.
Medical research has substituted claims of scientific objectivity for ignorance and the lack of adequate controls of potential confounding variables. Most other scientists, dare I say correct science, calls their thinking theories, models, hypotheses.

A broken clock is correct twice a day.

On a true or false test question if 50% got it right that is the same result as if no one knew the correct answer.

The Devil can quote Scripture

Standing outside the shrine the Holy Man recognizes Satan with many horses’ reins draped over his arm up to the elbow. The Holy Man asks Satan, are you waiting the horses’ return? Satan agrees. The Holy Man then asks, am I one of them? Satan smiles, “I do not need reins to ride you.”


Dacha Gardens, There Is A Garden In The Mind

Implying that one’s mind and happiness are fulfilled in the garden. There is a Garden in the Mind is a recent book with many philosophical thoughts on the central psychological relationship between humans and Nature. Sine qua non, without which there is nothing. A common thread in this book’s narrative is the iconic or visionary French bio-intensive gardening (whatever that means!) guru Alan Chadwick. More on

To paraphrase the U. S. Declaration of Independence, man is endowed with certain inalienable rights: life, liberty, the pursuit of gardening and happiness. As Voltaire wrote, “il faut cultiver son jardin.” Again the same metaphor and explicit method for happiness and coping with adversity. Did Candide suffer from PTSD?

Russians for historic, tradition and cultural reasons seem to have a better grip on this than most Europeans and North Americans as explained in detail in the graduate school thesis below:

‘However, no matter how hard orthodox economists try to punch down the dough of food
gardening back into the bowl of economic theory, the dough keeps rising and spilling over the edge. The neo-economics approach is too restrictive and we need to consider many important benefits as real as, but less “tangible” than sacks of potatoes. We need “a wider view.”’

My comment: In the wider perspective of ethology, the science of animal (including human) behavior and social organization, the benefit is not weighed and measured in estimated dollar value but in welfare and happiness derived from species-typical and evolutionary-determined activities, behavior and diet.

‘Besides, Schumacher (1975) criticized the separation of the economic concepts of
“production” and “consumption.” Such separation is artificial, and there are entire societies that even do not have concepts of “work” separate from “leisure” (Liedloff 1975). While conventional economics maintains that only the “consumer” derives “utility” or “pleasure” from the economic system, Schumacher observed that with creative labor involving both one’s hands and brains in the benefit of one’s family, the production process itself can be as satisfying as consumption of any “product.” After all, what matters is not the levels of “production” or “consumption” per se, but the enjoyment humans derive from both, while assuring health of the environment and equitable social practices.’

‘By way of example, let me cite a recent article that examined the connection of dacha
gardening with labor markets (Southworth 2006). That paper focuses “on the economic
rationality of the household, not cultural factors” and treats the dacha “as a labor-market
institution” (p. 452). In building the model, the author defines all dacha plots on which potatoes were grown as “subsistence dachas,” while those without potato plantings as “luxury dachas” (geared primarily towards recreation) — only to find that “growing potatoes per se is not a function of income at all” (p. 469). The author uses his statistical models to calculate, among other variables, “profitability [in monetary terms] of household agriculture,” to make a “cost-benefit analysis of growing vegetables” and even to figure out “rates of return” on gardening costs (p. 465), while at the same time excluding from the analysis the amount of labor households expend on gardening. Southworth concludes that “the attachment of the average urban household to the means of subsistence [i.e., food gardening] limits the ability of the market to allocate the most common sort of labor needed to fuel an economic recovery based on the production of goods and services rather than on oil and natural resources alone” (p. 473) without even considering a possibility of economic recovery through food gardening itself (after all, food gardening is a form of “production of goods,” too — and a very efficient form at that).’

‘Can we ignore the fact that a century ago Alexander Chaianov was already arguing that the laws of Western economics and capitalist farming had little applicability, if any at all, to the economy of Russian peasant households? How would the separation of dacha into “subsistence” and “luxury” classes on the basis of the presence of potato plantings hold up in view of the extensive evidence that even the highest elite commonly participate in potato planting and even, as in the case of the Nobel-prize winner Boris Pasternak, talk about it as a means for “spiritual salvation” (Sergay 2005)?’

(A photo unable to copy, however note that Pasternak is Russian word for the plant parsnip in English)
‘Figure 9: Boris Pasternak digging a potato patch at his dacha in Peredelkino, near
Moscow, in the summer of 1958. Photo from the Biblioteka poeta edition of Paternak’s
works, published in Moscow and Leningrad by Sovetskii pisatel’, 1965’

‘A related danger arises when different terms are used to refer to the same practice. For
example, a thousand years ago Russian families were growing their own food. A hundred
years ago Russian families were growing their own food. Today, Russian families still
grow their own food in small-scale operations almost identical to the peasant practices of
the 19th century or these of the even more distant past. However, since the term “dacha
gardening” became widespread only in the second half of the 20th century, many researchers tend to see the self-provisioning practice as something new. Indeed, even in his Summerfolk: A history of the dacha, Lovell (2003) presents what is more a history of the word term “dacha,” than a history of the practice that today happens to bear this name.’

‘The enslavement of Slavs: 10th to 19th century
When foreign warriors, calling themselves “princes,” arrived with their armed retinues of
foreign mercenaries in the 9th century, they were faced with the formidable task of subduing the vast expanses of pagan Rus’, a land that had known neither authority nor authority imposed religion ever before.
The path to successful colonization that the princes followed was strikingly similar to the
approach that would be advocated by Albert Schweitzer for Africa almost a millennium later:
• impose taxes and promote trade — so as to augment the rulers’ wealth and power
and to compel the natives to work more than they normally would;
• destroy family ties and subvert subsistence economies — to break down natives’
social cohesion, to compel them to produce beyond their subsistence needs a surplus 79
that can be extracted through taxation or trade, and to turn them into a labor force
available for use outside their households; and
• impose a new religion and eradicate old customs, traditions, beliefs, and worldviews
— so as to make the natives unfree, even in their minds, and ready to accept
the new order and their new status of slaves rather than free men.’

‘Table 41. Number of gardening households producing certain crops and other products
during the 2006 agricultural season.

Item-Households-Percent of gardeners

Vegetables (incl. potatoes)
Carrots 876 94%
Onions 846 91%
Cucumbers 830 89%
Garlic 824 89%
Beets 803 86%
Potatoes 800 86%
Tomatoes 675 73%
Squash 666 72%
Radishes 649 70%
Horseradish 492 53%
Peas 447 48%
Pepper 418 45%
Black radish 381 41%
Pumpkin 359 39%
Red beans 279 30%
Black beans and other beans 223 24%
Turnips (repa) 204 22%
Sunflower 187 20%
Eggplant 151 16%
Jerusalem artichokes 64 7%
Rutabaga 63 7%
Turnips 27 3%
Other vegetables 15 2%
Dill 768 83%
Parsley 487 52%
Sorrel 426 46%
Coriander 113 12%
Other greens 1 0%
Fruit, berries and nuts
Currants 766 82%
Apples 726 78%
Raspberries 670 72%
Gooseberries 637 68%
Plums 594 64%187
Cherries 539 58%
Wild strawberries 516 55%
Strawberries 491 53%
Pears 469 50%
Black rowanberries 294 32%
Rowanberries 229 25%
Sea-buckthorn 215 23%
Guelder rose 189 20%
Blackthorn 99 11%
Honeysuckle 94 10%
Rosehips 93 10%
Blackberries 84 9%
Garden serviceberries 83 9%
Magnolia vine (Schisandra chinensis) 38 4%
Currants/gooseberry hybrid 17 2%
Hazelnuts 11 1%
Other berries and fruit trees and shrubs 0 0%
Ornamental and non-food crops
Flowers 691 74%
Lilac 222 24%
Lawn 135 15%
Hay 10 1%
Other non-food crops, trees, shrubs 26 3%
Cereals (grains)
Rye 12 1%
Wheat 6 1%
Buckwheat 3 0%
Other cereal crops 3 0%
Animals, birds and bees
Chickens 137 15%
Pigs 58 6%
Cows 32 3%
Goats 25 3%
Bees 21 2%
Rabbits 19 2%
Ducks 17 2%
Sheep 11 1%
Turkeys 9 1%
Other animals & birds 1 0%’


Guanyin, Chinese Buddhist representation of compassion, often depicted with a vial of elixir in one hand, the nectar of immortality, and a willow branch in the other. Comparable in some ways to the Virgin Mary in Catholicism she will intercede for individual humans’ suffering. (Compassion vs. mercy: mercy implies the action is coming from the agent or cause of the suffering.)

The willow symbolizes weeping, compassion and healing. In China willow bark was used for healing long before the first Buddhist missionaries from India arrived several thousand years ago.

Guan Yin

Danish author Isak Dinesen (Out of Africa) wrote, the third perfect form of happiness in life is the remission of pain.

A recent study of almost 40 traditional and commonly available herbal medicines evaluated the extracts for 5 health promoting mechanisms and effects. It is noteworthy that unlike most reductionist allopathic medicine that would look to identify and isolate single constituents, thus often throwing the baby out with the bathwater, this study used the whole herb, root or seed. Among the authors’ conclusions:

“We provided evidence that each of these geroprotective PEs has different effects on cellular processes known to define longevity in organisms across phyla. Such effects include the following: 1) amplified mitochondrial respiration and membrane potential; 2) increased or decreased concentrations of ROS; 3) reduced oxidative damage to cellular proteins, membrane lipids, and mitochondrial and nuclear genomes; 4) enhanced cell resistance to oxidative and thermal stresses; and 5) accelerated degradation of neutral lipids deposited in LDs…

One of these extracts is the most potent longevity-extending pharmacological intervention yet described.”

That one is willow bark.

The study focused on actions or processes generally associated with health and longevity, not on specific pathologies. Don’t throw away your rat root for GI upset and colds. Don’t ditch the celery seed for sore joints. There is no suggestion that use of any of the herbs/spices is exclusive of others.

The 37 herbs tested included many of the recognized healthy cooking and medicinal plants. (One I did not see is turmeric.) The 6 identified as outstanding according to their criteria for longevity and health maintenance were black cohosh, passionflower, ginkgo, valerian, celery seed and willow bark.

Home Made Plant Rooting Hormone – Willow Water

Willow bark contains natural plant growth hormones which can be used for rooting new cuttings.

>“Willow Water” is a homebrew plant rooting hormone that is easily made and can be used to increase the strike rate (growth of roots) of cuttings that you’re trying to propagate.

The way that it works can be attributed to two substances that can be found within the Salix (Willow) species, namely, indolebutyric acid (IBA) and Salicylic acid (SA).

Indolebutyric acid (IBA) is a plant hormone that stimulates root growth. It is present in high concentrations in the growing tips of willow branches. By using the actively growing parts of a willow branch, cutting them, and soaking them in water, you can get significant quantities of IBA to leach out into the water.

Salicylic acid (SA) (which is a chemical similar to the headache medicine Aspirin) is a plant hormone which is involved in signalling a plant’s defences, it is involved in the process of “systemic acquired resistance” (SAR) – where an attack on one part of the plant induces a resistance response to pathogens (triggers the plant’s internal defences) in other parts of the plant. It can also trigger a defense response in nearby plants by converting the salicylic acid into a volatile chemical form.


While Guanyin was doing good deeds, her wicked father fell ill but the ever-compassionate Guanyin cut off her arms and plucked out her eyes to use as ingredients for a medicine that saved the old codger’s life. To show his gratitude he ordered the construction of a statue in her honor telling the sculptor to make the statue quanshou quanyan meaning “with completely formed arms and eyes.” The sculptor was probably from Henan and he misunderstood. He made the sculpture with qianshou qianyan “a thousand arms and eyes.” From that day on, Guanyin has been represented with a lot of arms and eyes.

According to the Garland Sutra, “The Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara lives in the Putuo Mountain.” It is said that Sudhana, another Bodhisattva has gone all the way to Putuo Mountain to pay homage to Avalokitesvara. Hsuan Tsang, the celebrated monk of the Tang Dynasty also paid visit to Putuo Mountain on his pilgrimage to India. Because the Putuo Mountain in India looked similar to China’s Mount Putuo, Mount Putuo of Zhejiang Province eventually became the domain of Avalokitesvara.

At the end of this movie based on the legend you will see the statue of Guanyin on Putuoshan in the Zhoushan (Chusan) islands off-shore from Ningbo.

Is this next one the same movie?

When in China (2013) near Shanghai, Suzhou, Tongli Village and Lake Tai, I visited a temple on a small island. Too bad I was not clued in to this or I could have identified Guanyin.

My grandparents lived in China for most of 35 years beginning in 1901. In their memoir, Our Life:

We never visited Putu (Pu du in Ningpowhile we lived in Ningpo.About 1920 Edith and Frances visited it before Frances went to America to enter college.About 1930 when attending an Association meeting. Dr.Liu and I and others went to Pu tu and stayed over night and visited all the places of note. We ate imitation meat as no meat is permitted on the island.

There are two very large monasteries and many smaller ones and numerous small temples and shrines.We saw the end of a ceremony in the monastery in which we stayed. family had been there for a week to have masses said for their relatives and on the last day all the monks went down to the seashore to send the souls to the western heaven.It cost the family $1000U.S. Such ceremonies net the monasteries on the island over million dollars a year. By this means the temples and the monks are supported. There used to be two thousand monks but now the number is much reduced.

One of the curiosities is the body of a monk who starved himself to death and his body is covered with gold leaf and worshiped as an idol. Another is the huge footprint of Kwan Yin, the Buddhist Goddess of Mercy, who takes the place of Mary in Roman Catholicism, in the rock where she alighted on her flight from India. She was a man in India.The whole island is sacred to her.There is one alabaster image of her in one the temples.

The temple or monastery on the highest point on the island white glazed tile roofs. One of the largest temples has yellow glazed tiles.We talked with several abbots. They were mostly retired merchants who wished to get away from the world and no great interest in Buddhism or any religion.”