Tokugawa Tsunayoshi: The Dog Shogun

Before Forrest Whitaker in the movie Ghost Dog Samurai, before the humane/socialist movements in the UK and Europe in the mid 1800s, before the European 1700s Enlightenment, The Dog Shogun (1646–1709) enacted national laws in Japan that we now would call “humane legislation.”

inari-wood-tokugawa-era-in-the-Musee-guimet-paris

Inari_-_Fushimi_Inari_2010

http://www.uhpress.hawaii.edu/p-4236-9780824830304.aspx

“His Laws of Compassion, which made the maltreatment of dogs an offense punishable by death, earned him the nickname Dog Shogun, by which he is still popularly known today. However, Tsunayoshi’s rule coincides with the famed Genroku era, a period of unprecedented cultural growth and prosperity that Japan would not experience again until the mid-twentieth century. It was under Tsunayoshi that for the first time in Japanese history considerable numbers of ordinary townspeople were in a financial position to acquire an education and enjoy many of the amusements previously reserved for the ruling elite.

… (The author) cites the fact that, as shogun, Tsunayoshi not only decreed the registration of dogs, which were kept in large numbers by samurai and posed a threat to the populace, but also the registration of pregnant women and young children to prevent infanticide. He decreed, moreover, that officials take on the onerous tasks of finding homes for abandoned children and caring for sick travelers.”

http://www.uhpress.hawaii.edu/books/bodart-prologue.pdf

Advertisements

Healthy Dirt?

Eco-phobes take note!

Hygiene Hypothesis Supported By New Research Results.

As Mille’s mother said, every healthy kid should eat at least a half kilo of dirt a year… Or to put it another way, sterile is unsanitary.

http://www.the-scientist.com//?articles.view/articleNo/44372/title/An-Evolutionary-Basis-for-Allergies/

‘The team, led by Nicholas Furnham of the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, hypothesized that “there must be some molecular similarity between what the immune system is expecting and designed to see in parasites and what is present in the allergen proteins,” he told The Scientist. “The premise of the project is this observation that the same branch of the immune system, thought to evolve to combat multicellular parasite invasion like ticks and worms, kicks in when you have an allergic response.”

To validate its predictions, the team tested the in vitro immune responses of human cells to a protein from the parasitic worm Schistosoma mansoni, SmBv1L, which is similar to a protein found in birch pollen from protein family BetV1. “The family is one of the most prevalent pollen allergens,” said Furnham.

Using blood samples from 222 individuals in a Ugandan fishing village who were already infected withS. mansoni, the researchers measured the antibody response to the parasite’s protein. Not only did the blood serum react against the modeled parasitic infection, but the worm protein was targeted by the same antibodies that cause allergic reactions. “It was quite a novel finding,” said Furnham. “It was a way of showing that our predictions were working.”

The team hopes its work will inform the development of future therapies for allergic conditions, he added.’

Wiley Coyote Weil And Calendula

http://www.drweil.com/drw/u/ART02964/calendula.html
In this article Dr. Andrew Weil, famous alternative medicine guru, complains that calendula does not taste good: Don’t Eat The Calendula. This confirms my suspicion of him as a whiny chickenshit. In the past I wanted to know, how old is this guy? If he is less than 80, the minimum age he appears to me, I want to say, “physician heal thyself.”       Poor little baby, this outstanding healthy and easy to grow medicinal herb does not taste good to him!
What other healthy foods don’t taste good? Chocolate/cocoa without sugar or milk is bitter and truly inedible. Who would drink undiluted vinegar or lemon juice straight? In fact, calendula, flowers and leaves are rather mild tasting but certainly good in salads or sandwiches with other ingredients.
P1010972

Even better and easy to grow, the Oriental chrysanthemum called Shungiku or chop suey greens. My favorite way to eat them is on toast with a thin spread of honey and two slabs of cultured butter, like watercress or purslane open face sandwich. The combination brings out the tart orange flavor of the chrysanthemum. If I don’t have enough chrysanthemum leaves can add calendula, watercress and/or purslane. But Shungiku adds an exceptional delicious taste to the mix.

P1010979
According to centuries old Chinese herbal medicine authority, eating Shungiku for one year will restore a person’s youthful hair and skin, for two years will restore an old man’s teeth, and if you continue eating Shungiku you will live forever. It’s a hyperbolic metaphor of course but does suggest a high regard for the healthy benefit.
I was surprised when I did not get around to transplanting the seedlings from the cup/200 gm small pots that they already produced edible size heads of fronds. One of the five I planted I accidentally cut too short: should have left a few larger leaves below then each one will produce a new branch and edible head at each axil from what with tomato plants are called suckers.